Do It Yourself Nurse - Build A First Aid Kit

A first aid kit helps to prepare for any kind of emergency. Nowadays, there’s a trend to build a first aid kit. The main reason that people are building their own first aid kit is because they can customize the kit according to their needs. Whether it’s a home or travel first aid kit, it’s important to have the appropriate items. Here are some of the basic items in any first aid kit.

Acetaminophen tablets: Also called Paracetamol, it is a pain reliever. It helps when people are having fever or pain.

Antihistamine: Antihistamine should be carried for allergies. It also works as a sleep aid. Brompheniramine and Cetirizine are two Antihistamines that help relieve and prevent allergies.

Antiseptic Towels: Antiseptic towels need to be carried to prevent infections while cleaning wounds. All kinds of wounds can be cleaned using such tissues or towels.

Electrolyte packets: Electrolyte packets hydrate the body. They also provide ample amount of salts that the body may lose through sweating. If a person is experiencing nausea and vomiting, it’s always a good idea to use electrolyte packets.

Band Aids: A band aid is a quick fix for smaller injuries especially in areas that cannot be tied up with a gauze roll. It helps to stop minor bleeding and protect the wound from further contamination.

Tweezers: Tweezers are useful if the person has got thorns, splinters or ticks stuck in any part of the body.

Hand Sanitizer: Hand sanitizers usually have ethyl or isopropyl alcohol. They have been found to be more effective for destroying germs as compared to soaps.

Hot and Cold Instant Packs: In cold packs, a compound called ammonium nitrate is used as it absorbs ample amount of heat when dissolved in water. Hot packs contain calcium chloride and release heat the moment it dissolves in water. These packs are extremely useful for relieving aches and pains after a physical activity or injury.

Sterile Gauze Pads: Sterile gauze pads are a great for protecting a bruise from external elements such as dust, twigs, and so on. They also apply the required amount of pressure in order to stop bleeding.

Moleskin: Moleskin is carried for people who are prone to blisters. For people who are traveling to a hotter place or have a long walk ahead, moleskin will help a great deal.

Whenever something has been used in the first aid kit, it’s important to replace it. Also make it a point to update the kit every 5 to 6 months.

  • Anatomy of a First Aid Kit: Published by The Red Cross, the article introduces the need for a First Aid kit and lists items required to be included.
  • Building a Hiker’s First Aid Kit: The article by Washington Trails Association lists items with descriptions to be included in the kit.
  • First Aid Kit: Provides a list of the important items to be put into the first aid kit with other information for disaster or emergency.
  • Emergency Preparedness Plan: An emergency plan by the Department of Emergency, San Francisco to help people build a First Aid kit with other tips for surviving an emergency.
  • Ready America: First Aid Kit: Ready America offers a list of essential items in the first aid kit as well as non-prescription drugs.
  • Safety Standards for Agriculture: Safety measures and accident prevention program by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. There’s a section on supplies to be included in a first aid kit.
  • 30 Tips for Emergency Preparedness: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security lists 30 emergency preparedness tips, with the tip #14 explaining assembling of a first aid kit.
  • Lightweight First Aid Kit: A brief article published by Idaho State University. It lists several items that can be included in the first aid kit, depending on the requirement.
  • How to Prepare a First Aid Kit: The article by Shelby County Emergency Preparedness lists basic supplies for a First Aid kit along with suggested medications to be included.
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